Margot Robbie narrates the film version of The Big Short.The Big ShortFifty years ago, capitalism in the West was based on manufacturing that provided well-paid, lifelong jobs and close to full employment. By the 1970s and 1980s that system was carrying a layer of credit and debt that made it more lucrative for banks to extract profits from deals and transactions than provide financing for the creation of actual products.

And then, in the 1990s, the burgeoning tech industry made physical products even less relevant — and even more lucrative for investors and speculators.

These 10 classic business books tell the story of how capitalism changed from a system that made things into a trading desk for bonds, credit derivatives, and leverage … and created modern inequality along the way.

We’ve arranged the books chronologically. If you read them in this order you’ll see how one segues into the next, and how dramatically capitalism has changed in the last 50 years.